Terpenes

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are responsible for the aromas and flavors found in cannabis, as well as in many other plants, foods and herbs. So far, over 200 terpenes have been identified in cannabis alone.

Similar terpenes can also be found in:

Pine Needles Rosemary Basil Parsley Black Pepper
Dill Juniper Peppermint Cloves Cinnamon 
Lavender Oregano Mango Lemongrass Thyme
Hops Coriander Lilac Cumin Eucalyptus

 

The Importance of Terpenes

When choosing a cannabis product, it is common for patients to look at the cannabinoid profile. Terpenes are equally important to consider as the effects of cannabis may be influenced by a combination of the cannabinoid and terpene profile.

Studies suggest that terpenes may be responsible for the different effects experienced when using various cannabis products. For example, if a strain is dominant in the terpene Pinene or Limonene, one may experience stimulating effects. However, if a product is dominant in the terpene Myrcene, one may experience sedating effects.

Research has shown that terpenes also demonstrate various medicinal effects including anti-septic, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory.

Therapeutic potentials of terpenes also include:

Sedation Analgesic  Antioxidant      Antiseptic         Anti-inflammatory
Anti-acne  Anti-fungal  Antibiotic         Anti-tumor        Bronchodilator
Anti-microbial  Anti-bacterial  Anxiolytic Anti-convulsant Gastroprotective
Appetite Suppressant Alertness  Memory Retention Elevated Mood Muscle Relaxant
Anxiety Relief Stress Relief Depression Relief Ulcer Improvement Anticarcinogenic 

 

Common Terpenes

Myrcene

Smells like:   

Found In:

Potential Effects:

Boiling Point:

 

Earthy, Herbal, Cloves

Hops, Mango, Thyme, Lemongrass

Sedation, Analgesic, Antioxidant, Muscle Relaxant, Anticarcinogenic

168°C (recommended to vaporize at low temp.)

Limonene

Smells like:   

Found In:

Potential Effects:

Boiling Point:

 

Citrus

Fruit Rinds, Rosemary, Juniper, Peppermint

Elevated Mood, Stress/Depression Relief, Gastroprotective, Antifungal

176°C (recommended to vaporize at low temp.)

Pinene

Smells like:   

Found In:

Potential Effects:

Boiling Point:

 

Pine

Pine Needles, Rosemary, Basil, Parsley, Dill.

Alertness, Bronchodilator, Memory Retention, Antiseptic

155°C to 166°C (recommended to vaporize at low temp.)

Caryophyllene 

Smells like:   

Found In:

Potential Effects:

Boiling Point:

 

Pepper, Spice, Wood, Cloves

Black Pepper, Cloves, Cinnamon

Anti-inflammatory, Gastroprotective, Ulcer Improvement

176°C (recommended to vaporize at low temp.)

Terpineol

Smells like:   

Found In:

Potential Effects:

Boiling Point:

 

Pine, Floral, Herbal

Lilacs, Pine Trees, Lime Blossoms, Eucalyptus

Sedation, Anti-inflammatory, Antibiotic, Antioxidant, Antitumor, Antimalarial, Anxiolytic

218°C (recommended to vaporize at med-high temp.)

Linalool

Smells like:   

Found In:

Potential Effects:

Boiling Point:

 

Floral, Lavender

Lavender

Sedation, Anticonvulsant, Antiacne, Anxiety Relief, Depression Relief

198°C (recommended to vaporize at med-high temp.)

 

Each terpene has its own distinct boiling point, meaning that in order to get the most out of your terpenes when being inhaled, they will need to be vaporized at different temperatures. Some terpenes such as Linalool, Terpiniol, and Humulene have high boiling points, allowing them to be effectively vaporized with cannabis at higher temperatures (approx. 200°C and above). While others such as Myrcene, Pinene and Limonene have low boiling points, meaning that they should be vaporized with cannabis at lower temperatures (approx. 190°C and below).